Between statues, candleholders and lecterns can be found in the vicarage storehouse of St. Moritz in Rottenburg an almost square box – a hatbox? When you open it shimmers golden between floral paper. A crown comes to light, fixed on a silk cushion, of graceful shape.
The ornate fringed silk cushions indicates that this crown was not normally worn on the head. It was intended solely to carry on the pillow: A Primiz crown. It was carried in front of the newly ordained priests on the occasion of its first Mass in his home on his way from the parental home to the parish church.
The pillow is filled to the brim, the cushion cover made of natural white silk, the bottom sheet elaborate Punktsteppung. The cushion edge line gold bouillon fringe. On top of three-dimensional applications of gold wire are in the four corners wound to flowers and leaves and intertwined.Built-pearl and red gemstones accentuate the design. The base frame of the crown is made of solid wire. It consists of a narrow hoop; mounted thereon are eight clips that ascend to the outside before they tend towards the center easily and carry the globe with a cross there. This was followed by branches, leaves and flowers of shape sequins, imitation pearls and precious stones entwined.
Such elaborate Primiz crowns belong to the realm of the beautiful works and were produced under considerable time especially in convents. The oldest surviving examples date from the 18th century. Corresponding crowns incurred up until the mid-20th century. Easier copies were also made by amateur spot for the new priests.
The reason for this design was the first Mass, the first independent Mass of a newly ordained priest as chief celebrant, traditionally mostly in the home town of Primizianten. A festival with great effort, in which the first blessing of the new priest is considered special effective. Before Mass the Primizianten is carried before on his way to his native parish, the first Mass crown. This was the task of the “First Mass bride”, one in white-clad girl with veil. It was usually accompanied by another girl in white dress and with wreaths in their hair. Usually, the crowns are also with silver and golden anniversaries priests.
The theological background for this is the interpretation of the first mass wedding as clergy. The Primiziant representing Christ, the High Priest. The crown refers to Christ the King. The bride dressed as young girls symbolically embodies the Church. In itself, the bride is the church, which is physically present by the congregation. This image of the community or the people of God as a bride is already described by the prophet Isaiah in the Old Testament.
The first Mass bride was usually a girl from the relationship of Primizianten. The other girls dressed in white often contributed both more symbolic gifts like candle, cross or roses, as well as real gifts, such as edible calyx or stole.
Since about 50 years accompany especially Communicants the Primizianten and Communion Girl wearing wreath or crown. The obvious explanation is the first-time-on both sides: The Communion children experienced their first full participation in the Holy Mass by the Erstkommunionempfang who Primiziant celebrates first independently measuring a celebration.
The extraordinary solemnity of Primizen and their integration into an extremely diverse traditions on the basis of secular weddings has led to the popular wisdom:. »A first Mass is worth it to go through a pair of shoe soles” In the case of the first Mass crown the views and inventorying of a sufficient attic depots of St. Moritz in Rottenburg.